Title: Edison, His Life and Inventions愛迪生他的生平和發明3
摘要轉貼--Title:Edison, His Life and Inventions愛迪生他的生平和發明
Aftersome desultory wanderings for a year ortwo along the shores of Lake Erie,among the prosperous towns thenspringing up, the family, with its Canadian home forfeited,and in quest of another resting-place,came to Milan, Ohio, in 1842.
Thatpretty little village offered at the moment manyattractions as a possible Chicago. The railroad system of Ohio wasstill in the future, but the Western Reservehad already become a vast wheat-field,and huge quantities of grain from thecentral and northern counties soughtshipment to Eastern ports.那個漂亮的小村莊目前提供了許多可能成為芝加哥的景點。俄亥俄州的鐵路系統尚在未來，但西部儲備已經成為一片廣闊的麥田，大量來自中北部縣的糧食尋求運往東部港口。
TheHuron River, emptying intoLake Erie, was navigable within afew miles of the village, and providedan admirable outlet
Largegranaries were established, and proved so successful thatlocal capital was tempted into the projectof making a tow-path canal fromLockwood Landing all the way to Milanitself.建立了大型糧倉，並被證明非常成功，以至於當地資本都被誘惑參與建造一條從洛克伍德蘭丁一直到米蘭本身的牽引運河的項目。
Thequaintold Moravian mission and quondamIndian settlement of one hundred inhabitants found itself of asudden one of the great grain ports of theworld, and bidding fair to rival RussianOdessa.
Anumber of grain warehouses, or primitive elevators, were builtalong the bank of the canal, and the produce of the regionpoured in immediately, arriving in wagons drawn byfour or six horses with loads of a hundredbushels. No fewer than sixhundred wagons came clattering in,and as many as twenty sail vessels were loaded withthirty-five thousand bushels of grain, during a single day.
Thecanal was capable of being navigated by craftof from two hundred to two hundred and fifty tonsburden, and the demand for such vessels soonled to the development of a brisk ship-building industry, forwhich the abundant forests of the region suppliedthe necessary lumber. An evidence of the activity in thisdirection is furnished by the fact that six revenue cutterswere launched at this portin these brisk days of its prime.
prime鼎盛時期;主要。astate or time of greatest strength, vigor, or success in a person'slife.
inthese brisk days 輕快的日子
SamuelEdison, versatile,buoyant of temper, and ever optimistic,would thus appear to have pitched his tent withshrewd judgment. There was plenty of occupation ready to hishand, and more than one enterprisereceived his attention; but he devotedhis energies chiefly to the making ofshingles, for which there was a large demand locally and alongthe lake.
Canadianlumber was used principally in this industry. The wood wasimported in "bolts" orpieces three feet long. A bolt made two shingles; itwas sawn asunderby hand, then split and shaved. None butfirst-class timber was used, and such shingles outlastedfar those made by machinery withtheir cross-grain cut.
Ahouse in Milan, on which some of those shingles were put in 1844, wasstill in excellent condition forty-two years later. SamuelEdison did well at this occupation, and employed several men,but there were other outlets fromtime to time for his business activity and speculativedisposition.
Edison'smother was an attractive and highly educated woman, whoseinfluence upon his disposition and intellecthas been profound and lasting. She was born in Chenango County,New York, in 1810, and was the daughter of the Rev. John Elliott,a Baptist minister and descendant of an old Revolutionary soldier,Capt. Ebenezer Elliott, of Scotch descent.愛迪生的母親是一位迷人且受過高等教育的女性，她對他的性格和智力的影響是深遠而持久的。她於1810年出生於紐約的Chenango縣，是約翰·埃利奧特牧師的女兒，約翰·埃利奧特牧師是一位浸信會牧師，也是一位蘇格蘭血統的革命老兵埃比尼澤·埃利奧特上尉的後裔。
Theold captain was a fine and picturesque type. He fought allthrough the long War of Independence—seven years—and thenappears to have settled down atStonington, Connecticut. There, at any rate, hefound his wife, "grandmother Elliott," who was MercyPeckham, daughter of a Scotch Quaker.
Thencame the residence in New York State,with final removal to Vienna, for theold soldier, while drawing his pension atBuffalo, lived in the little Canadian town, and theredied, over 100 years old. The family wasevidently one of considerable culture and deep religious feeling, fortwo of Mrs. Edison's uncles and two brothers were also in the sameBaptistministry.然後來到了紐約州的住所，最後搬到了維也納，這位老士兵在布法羅領取養老金時，住在加拿大的小城鎮，在那裡去世，享年100多歲。這個家庭顯然是一個具有深厚文化和深厚宗教感情的家庭，因為愛迪生夫人的兩個叔叔和兩個兄弟也在同一個浸信會事工中。
Asa young woman she became a teacher in the public high school atVienna, and thus met her husband, who was residing there. The familynever consisted of more than three children, two boys and agirl. 年輕時，她成為維也納公立高中的老師，並因此遇到了住在那裡的丈夫。這個家庭從來沒有超過三個孩子，兩個男孩和一個女孩。
Atrace of the Canadian environment is seen in the fact that Edison'selder brother was named William Pitt, after the great Englishstatesman. Both his brother and the sister exhibited considerableability.從愛迪生的哥哥威廉·皮特這個英國偉大政治家的名字中可以看出加拿大環境的一絲痕跡。他的弟弟和妹妹都表現出相當的能力。
WilliamPitt Edison as a youth was so clever withhispencil that it was proposed to send him to Paris as anart student. In later life he was manager ofthe local street railway lines at Port Huron, Michigan, inwhich he was heavilyinterested.
Healso owned a good farm near that town, and during the ill-healthat the close of his life, when compelled to spend much ofthe time indoors, he devoted himself almostentirely to sketching. 他還在那個小鎮附近擁有一個很好的農場，在他生命結束時身體不好的時候，當他不得不在室內度過大部分時間時，他幾乎全身心地投入到素描中。
Ithas been noted by intimate observers of Thomas A. Edison thatin discussing any project or new idea hisfirst impulse is to take up any piece ofpaper available and make drawings ofit.
Hisvoluminous note-books are a mass ofsketches. Mrs-Tannie Edison Bailey, the sister, had, onthe other hand, a great deal of literary ability, and spentmuch of her time in writing.
Thegreat inventor, whoseiron enduranceandsternwillhave enabled him towear down allhis associatesbywork sustainedthrough arduous days and sleepless nights,was not at all strong as a child, and wasof fragile appearance.他的鋼鐵般的耐力和嚴厲的意志使他能夠通過艱苦的白天和不眠之夜的工作，
Hehad anabnormally large but well-shaped head,and it is said that the local doctorsfearedhe might have brain trouble.這位偉大的發明家，
sustained持續 arduous艱鉅 towear down 磨損 hisassociates他的同夥
Infact, on account of his assumed delicacy, he was not allowed to go toschool for some years, and even when he did attend for a short timethe results were not encouraging—hismother being hotlyindignant upon hearing thatthe teacher had spoken of him to aninspector as"addled."。事實上，由於他自以為嬌生慣養，有好幾年不讓他去上學，即使他上學了很短的時間，結果也不盡人意——他的母親聽了老師的話非常憤慨。他對檢查員說“麻木了”。
addled /unable to think clearly; confused. 無法清晰思考；使困惑。
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