轉貼 配方陷阱 孩子喝的竟不是奶粉
2021-04-06「成長配方」奶粉行銷廣告傳遞「母乳不夠營養」的錯誤觀念，易混淆父母的選擇。 聯合報 記者郭琇真／專題報導
以下文章是摘要 自「聯合報」Thefollowing article is a summary from the udn.
我是練習用中文 輸入 google 翻譯 成英語。可能會有文法上的錯誤。
TheUnited Daily News Department of Vision Engineering surveyed 21 growthformulas sold in Taiwan and found that
Up to 70% of them are notlabeled with milk powder content.
The word "milk powder"is also not visible in the product name.
Accordingto government regulations, only if the milk powder content exceeds50% can be called "modified milk powder."
Themanufacturer did not mark the word "milk powder",
Representsa whole pot of growth formula,
The milk powder content may beless than half.
Thegrowth formula purchased at home,
The most ingredient islactose, and the second highest is skimmed milk powder.
XuHuiyu, director of the Dong’s Foundation Food and Nutrition Center,said that in accordance with government regulations,
100% milkpowder content can be labeled "milk powder";
Only whenthe milk powder content exceeds 50% can it be called "modifiedmilk powder".
If the ingredients contain high-priced milkpowder, of course the manufacturer will take the initiative to labelit.
Many commercial infant drinks cannot use "milk powder"or "milk powder" in their names.
She asked, "When it's not milk powder, what exactly is it?"
The industry wisely coined the term "growth formula", and parents don't know the difference.
Most of them thought it was an upgraded version of milk powder.
Maltodextrinis hydrolyzed from corn and tapioca starch. It is a carbohydrate.After adding, it can expand the volume of the product and is not easy to agglomerate. The price is "only one-third of the general milkpowder."
Usually10 to 20% of milk powder is added, which is the norm in the industry;however, adding too much maltodextrin will increase excess caloriesand dilute the nutrition of milk powder. It is not good for childrento drink too much.
United Daily News Department of Vision Engineering Survey Statistics,
Amongt he 21 formulas, there are 15 with the most lactose added.
There are eight types of sucrose,
Other formulas add fructose, glucosesyrup, corn syrup, etc.;
And more than half of the formula will add more than two kinds of refined sugar,
For example, sucroseplus corn syrup solids.
國內乳品加工權威、台大動科系教授陳明汝指出，廠商在添加糖的選擇上，一個是考量成本，一個是考量甜度。ChenMingru, a domestic dairy processing authority and professor of the Department of Dynamics at National Taiwan University, pointed out
When manufacturers choose to add sugar, one is to consider the cost and the other is to consider the sweetness.
因為母乳含有乳糖，業者在設計配方奶的成分上會優先選擇加乳糖，不過乳糖單價高、甜度較低，大概是蔗糖的三成甜，Becausebreast milk contains lactose, the industry will give priority to adding lactose when designing the ingredients of formula milk.However, the unit price of lactose is high and the sweetness is low,which is probably 30% of the sweetness of sucrose.
Therefore,it is necessary to add sucrose and fructose to adjust the flavor;
Among them, fructose is the sweetest, 1.5 to 1.7 times the sweetness of sucrose.
However, the human intestine does not have enzymes to decompose it, and eating too much is a burden.
不適合天天攝取Notsuitable for daily intake
She emphasized that children after one year old must spend time learningto chew and swallow natural foods and establish healthy eating habits;
The growth formula is like the "high-sugar and high-calorie supplements" that adults will drink when they are sick or hospitalized. They are nutritional supplements for emergencies, not "foods" that can be taken every day.
台灣兒科醫學會理事長李宏昌說，成長配方添加許多微量營養素，雖有助於補充營養，但不該添加蔗糖等精製糖，孩子吃多了，反而影響發育及健康。他呼籲政府應將成長配方納入「特殊營養食品」的管理範疇內，讓專家可介入審查、限制配方的含糖量LiHongchang, chairman of the Taiwan Society of Pediatrics, said that the growth formula contains many micronutrients, which are helpful to supplement nutrition, but refined sugars such as sucrose should not be added. Children eat too much, which will affect development and health. He called on the government to include growth formulas in themanagement of "special nutritious foods" so that expertscan intervene in the review and limit the sugar content of formulas.
"Theconcept of growth formula will narrow the meaning of infant eating development." Wang Shufang, chairman of the Chinese LactationConsultants Association, said that infants and young children start to add non-staple foods from six months old, or the general diet after one year old, not only in take of nutrition, but By learning to eat, training the development of teeth and jaws and muscles and the nervous system, children can learn about foods of different textures and inspire personality development. These are things that growth formulas cannot provide.
In the early years, in order to compete in the infant formula market,
When entering and leaving the obstetrics and gynecology department of a hospital, it is like entering no one,
More regular funding to subsidize medical staff to participate in seminars, provide milk powder "Person Tax",
That is,how many children were delivered in the hospital that month,
The industry gives a certain amount of formula milk powder.
Historically,due to improper marketing practices of the industry, infant malnutrition and poisoning in Africa have been caused. The WorldHealth Organization formulated the "International Code ofMarketing of Breastmilk Substitutes" in 1981 to restrict the marketing strategy of formula milk and promote breastfeeding.
世衛建議成長配方非必需品 WHOrecommends non-essential products for growth formula
There is a "sweet trap" hidden in the growth formula Investigations have shown that children may have excessive sugar content after drinking two cups.
The Federation of Dietitians Association of the Republic of China called for, according to the professional recommendations of the World Health Organization,
Toddlers start a normal diet at the age of one,and eat six foods in a balanced manner
, Dairy products should be based on fresh milk, long-lasting milk, whole milk powder,etc.;
The growth formula is not a necessity. If there is nospecial requirement, it is recommended to avoid drinking it.
"Taiwan’schildren's tooth decay rate is the highest in Asia, and the obesity rate is the second in Asia. These health problems are definitely related to the children’s eating habits."
Accordingto clinical observation, many Taiwanese children drink more than 500ml a day, and even those who are heavily dependent drink 800 to 1,000ml.
Drinkinga lot of these "sugar-sweetened drinks" every day requires government intervention to strengthen management.
一切 The wish deep in my heart Let everything be happy and sweet Keep family and friends health...2 小時前