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轉貼 配方陷阱 孩子喝的竟不是奶粉

轉貼配方陷阱 孩子喝的竟不是奶粉

2021-04-05無甜不歡影響孩子口味發展

2021-04-06「成長配方」奶粉行銷廣告傳遞「母乳不夠營養」的錯誤觀念,易混淆父母的選擇。 聯合報 記者郭琇真/專題報導



以下文章是摘要 自「聯合報Thefollowing article is a summary from the udn.

https://money.udn.com/money/story/9554/5367726

我是練習用中文 輸入 google 翻譯 成英語。可能會有文法上的錯誤。

聯合報系願景工程調查台灣市售廿一款成長配方發現,

其中高達七成沒有標示乳粉含量,

品名也看不到「奶粉」二字。

TheUnited Daily News Department of Vision Engineering surveyed 21 growthformulas sold in Taiwan and found that
Up to 70% of them are notlabeled with milk powder content.
The word "milk powder"is also not visible in the product name.



依政府規定,乳粉含量超過五成才可稱為「調製乳粉」,

廠商未標「奶粉」二字,代表一整罐成長配方裡,乳粉含量可能不到一半。

Accordingto government regulations, only if the milk powder content exceeds50% can be called "modified milk powder."
Themanufacturer did not mark the word "milk powder",
Representsa whole pot of growth formula,
The milk powder content may beless than half.



家中購買的成長配方,成分最多的是乳糖,第二高才是脫脂奶粉,

Thegrowth formula purchased at home,
The most ingredient islactose, and the second highest is skimmed milk powder.





董氏基金會食品營養中心主任許惠玉表示,依政府規定,

乳粉含量百分之百就可標示「奶粉」;

乳粉含量超過五成才可稱為「調製奶粉」,

如果成分中含有高價的乳粉,廠商當然會主動標示。

許多市售幼兒飲品無法在名稱上使用「奶粉」或「乳粉」。

XuHuiyu, director of the Dong’s Foundation Food and Nutrition Center,said that in accordance with government regulations,
100% milkpowder content can be labeled "milk powder";
Only whenthe milk powder content exceeds 50% can it be called "modifiedmilk powder".
If the ingredients contain high-priced milkpowder, of course the manufacturer will take the initiative to labelit.
Many commercial infant drinks cannot use "milk powder"or "milk powder" in their names.



她反問:「當它不算奶粉時,那到底是什麼?」業者聰明地創造出「成長配方」一詞,父母也不知這其中差別,大半都以為是升級版的奶粉。

She  asked, "When it's not milk powder, what exactly is it?"
The industry wisely coined the term "growth formula", and parents don't know the difference.
Most of them thought it was an upgraded version of milk powder.





麥芽糊精是用玉米、樹薯澱粉水解而成,屬於碳水化合物,添加後可以讓產品的體積膨脹、不易結塊,而且價格「只有一般奶粉的三分之一」
Maltodextrinis hydrolyzed from corn and tapioca starch. It is a carbohydrate.After adding, it can expand the volume of the product and is not easy to agglomerate. The price is "only one-third of the general milkpowder."


通常在奶粉中添加百分之十至二十,是業界常態;但麥芽糊精添加過多會增加多餘的熱量,且稀釋奶粉的營養,孩子喝太多沒有好處。

Usually10 to 20% of milk powder is added, which is the norm in the industry;however, adding too much maltodextrin will increase excess caloriesand dilute the nutrition of milk powder. It is not good for childrento drink too much.



聯合報系願景工程調查統計,

廿一款配方中,添加乳糖的最多、有十五款,

蔗糖第二、有八款,

其餘還有配方添加果糖、葡萄糖漿、玉米糖漿等;

且超過一半的配方會添加兩種以上的精製糖,

例如蔗糖加玉米糖漿固形物。

United Daily News Department of Vision Engineering Survey Statistics,
Amongt he 21 formulas, there are 15 with the most lactose added.
There are eight types of sucrose,
Other formulas add fructose, glucosesyrup, corn syrup, etc.;
And more than half of the formula will add more than two kinds of refined sugar,
For example, sucroseplus corn syrup solids.





國內乳品加工權威、台大動科系教授陳明汝指出,廠商在添加糖的選擇上,一個是考量成本,一個是考量甜度。ChenMingru, a domestic dairy processing authority and professor of the Department of Dynamics at National Taiwan University, pointed out
When manufacturers choose to add sugar, one is to consider the cost and the other is to consider the sweetness.



因為母乳含有乳糖,業者在設計配方奶的成分上會優先選擇加乳糖,不過乳糖單價高、甜度較低,大概是蔗糖的三成甜,Becausebreast milk contains lactose, the industry will give priority to adding lactose when designing the ingredients of formula milk.However, the unit price of lactose is high and the sweetness is low,which is probably 30% of the sweetness of sucrose.



因此就需添加蔗糖、果糖來調整風味;

這其中果糖最甜,是蔗糖甜度的一點五倍到一點七倍,

但是人類腸道沒有酵素可以分解它,吃多了就是負擔。

Therefore,it is necessary to add sucrose and fructose to adjust the flavor;
Among them, fructose is the sweetest, 1.5 to 1.7 times the sweetness of sucrose.
However, the human intestine does not have enzymes to decompose it, and eating too much is a burden.



不適合天天攝取Notsuitable for daily intake

她強調,一歲後的孩子得花時間學習咀嚼、吞嚥天然食物,建立健康飲食的習慣;成長配方就像大人生病、住院時,會飲用的「高糖份高熱量補充品」,是在非常時期的營養補充品,而不是天天可以攝取的「食物」。
She emphasized that children after one year old must spend time learningto chew and swallow natural foods and establish healthy eating habits;
The growth formula is like the "high-sugar and high-calorie supplements" that adults will drink when they are sick or hospitalized. They are nutritional supplements for emergencies, not "foods" that can be taken every day.





台灣兒科醫學會理事長李宏昌說,成長配方添加許多微量營養素,雖有助於補充營養,但不該添加蔗糖等精製糖,孩子吃多了,反而影響發育及健康。他呼籲政府應將成長配方納入「特殊營養食品」的管理範疇內,讓專家可介入審查、限制配方的含糖量LiHongchang, chairman of the Taiwan Society of Pediatrics, said that the growth formula contains many micronutrients, which are helpful to supplement nutrition, but refined sugars such as sucrose should not be added. Children eat too much, which will affect development and health. He called on the government to include growth formulas in themanagement of "special nutritious foods" so that expertscan intervene in the review and limit the sugar content of formulas.





「成長配方的概念會窄化幼兒進食發展的意義。」華人泌乳顧問協會理事長王淑芳表示,嬰幼兒從六個月開始添加副食品,或一歲後的一般飲食,不單是攝取營養,而是透過學習進食、訓練齒顎和肌肉的發展及神經系統,可讓孩子認識不同質地的食物、啟發人格發展等,這些都是成長配方無法提供的。

"Theconcept of growth formula will narrow the meaning of infant eating development." Wang Shufang, chairman of the Chinese LactationConsultants Association, said that infants and young children start to add non-staple foods from six months old, or the general diet after one year old, not only in take of nutrition, but By learning to eat, training the development of teeth and jaws and muscles and the nervous system, children can learn about foods of different textures and inspire personality development. These are things that growth formulas cannot provide.





Obstetrics產科 Gynecology婦科

早年業者為了競爭嬰兒奶粉市場,出入醫院婦產科如入無人之境,更定期出資補助醫護人員參加研習會、提供奶粉「人頭稅」,也就是當月醫院接生幾個小孩,業者就贈一定數量的配方奶粉。歷史上因為業者行銷手法不當,引發非洲嬰兒營養不良和中毒。世界衛生組織於一九八一年制定「國際母乳代用品行銷守則」,限制配方奶的行銷策略,並推廣母乳哺育。

In the early years, in order to compete in the infant formula market,
When entering and leaving the obstetrics and gynecology department of a hospital, it is like entering no one,
More regular funding to subsidize medical staff to participate in seminars, provide milk powder "Person Tax",
That is,how many children were delivered in the hospital that month,
The industry gives a certain amount of formula milk powder.
Historically,due to improper marketing practices of the industry, infant malnutrition and poisoning in Africa have been caused. The WorldHealth Organization formulated the "International Code ofMarketing of Breastmilk Substitutes" in 1981 to restrict the marketing strategy of formula milk and promote breastfeeding.





世衛建議成長配方非必需品 WHOrecommends non-essential products for growth formula

成長配方潛藏「甜蜜陷阱」,調查顯示孩子喝兩杯可能會超標。中華民國營養師公會全聯會呼籲,根據世界衛生組織的專業建議,幼兒滿一歲開始正常飲食,均衡攝取六大類食物,乳製品應以鮮奶、保久乳、全脂奶粉等為主;成長配方不是必需品,若無特殊需求,建議避免飲用

There is a "sweet trap" hidden in the growth formula Investigations have shown that children may have excessive sugar content after drinking two cups.
The Federation of Dietitians Association of the Republic of China called for, according to the professional recommendations of the World Health Organization,
Toddlers start a normal diet at the age of one,and eat six foods in a balanced manner
, Dairy products should be based on fresh milk, long-lasting milk, whole milk powder,etc.;
The growth formula is not a necessity. If there is nospecial requirement, it is recommended to avoid drinking it.





「台灣兒童的蛀牙率是亞洲第一、肥胖率是亞洲第二,這些健康問題絕對和孩子的飲食習慣有關。」全聯會營養師吳芃彧指出,國人普遍依賴幼兒成長配方,臨床觀察許多台灣孩子一天喝超過五百毫升,甚至重度依賴的會喝八百至一千毫升,每天都喝下不少這些「含糖飲品」,需政府介入加強管理。

"Taiwan’schildren's tooth decay rate is the highest in Asia, and the obesity rate is the second in Asia. These health problems are definitely related to the children’s eating habits."

Accordingto clinical observation, many Taiwanese children drink more than 500ml a day, and even those who are heavily dependent drink 800 to 1,000ml.

Drinkinga lot of these "sugar-sweetened drinks" every day requires government intervention to strengthen management.